On the left is the Egypt Today Interactive Map. Click on the highlighted areas on the map for more information. Read about Egypt's cultural and historical treasures and view their location relative to the Nile and other landmark features.
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The area of Egypt is one million square kilometres. The total population is approximately 75 million (with a concentration of 18 million people in greater Cairo (2005). Most of the population live in the cities, villages and on the banks of the Nile. It is bordered in the north by the Mediterranean Sea, in the east by the Red Sea, in the west by Libya, and in the south by Sudan with the eternal Nile running through the country providing an abundance of water in what is primarily a desert country.
The Nile, the longest river in the world, flows for 6,695 kilometres (4,610 miles) from south to north and into the Mediterranean Sea. The river is formed by three main tributaries - the White Nile, the Blue Nile and the Atbara - and flows through nine countries. The White Nile passes through Uganda, Sudan and into Egypt, while the Blue Nile starts in Ethiopia at Lake Tana. Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi have tributaries flowing into the Nile and into Lake Victoria.
Egypt is the cradle of a deep-rooted civilization whose history goes back more than 5,000 years BCE and it has seen the development of Pharaonic, Greek, Roman, Christian and Islamic eras. The history of this ancient land places Egypt in the forefront of world countries in offering visitors an abundance of ancient sites of all periods of the country's history; religious and sacred sites; recreational tourism on the golden beaches of the Red Sea resorts; safari and adventure opportunities in deserts and mountains; ecotourism and sports facilities with golf, horse-riding, water sports and rowing.